Dr Somsak Paneetatyasai
Dr Somsak PaneetatyasaiPresident, Thai Shrimp Association, Thailand

Day 1: 12 Nov 2019 - 11:30 – 11:50 PM

Shrimp Aquaculture Challenges and Issue: The Thai Experience

Modern shrimp culture started in Thailand in the mid-nineties. In the 35 years since then, the country has faced many disease challenges which have caused production setbacks and great losses to farmers, and hindered the growth of the entire shrimp industry. Enormous support from the Thai Department of Fisheries, academic institutes, research institutes, and the private sector has been instrumental in finding solutions to minimise the impact on the industry without the indiscriminate use of antibiotics. Through these efforts, Thailand has become one of the pioneer countries in promoting bio-secure and probiotic shrimp farming.

Since early 2000, the Thai shrimp industry foresaw the need to reduce its dependence on wild broodstock and improve the growth performance of shrimp. This led to the private sector investing in domestication of genetically improved broodstock, devoting a great deal of time, energy, and capital to provide the best post larvae for farmers. Thai shrimp broodstock is highly sought after among the major shrimp culture countries, especially the broodstock produced by CPF.

Thailand maintained its position as a leading shrimp producer for decades before the industry was hit by EMS/APHNDS which caused a 50% reduction in output. The industry has moved from focusing on high production volumes to producing bigger sizes of shrimp in a more controlled culture models such as an indoor recirculation culture system which reduces water usage and waste discharge into natural water resources, as well as produces traceable and safety products.

Meanwhile, in terms of addressing human rights, environmentally friendly, and sustainable resources issues, the Thai government and private sector have complied with non-IUU fishing, IFFO RS, and Seafood Task Force guidelines.

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