Day 1: 12 Nov 2019 - 3:50 – 4:10 PM
Aquaculture in its proper sense began in the late 1990s with the production of PLs from hatcheries and the farming of freshwater giant prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii in rice fields. Attempts at semi-intensive farming of black tiger were made in 1993-94 but an outbreak of WSSV in 1994 set the process back for about ten years. In 2004-2005, these efforts were revitalised but the output from these semi-intensive farms (covering an area of approximately 1500 hectares in 2017-18) has remained fairly insignificant compared to the present total BT shrimp farm area of over 187 hundred ha. BT shrimp along with M. rosenbergii are major species for export of Bangladesh seafood. The highest quantity of processed and value added shrimp so far exported from Bangladesh was close to 54 891 tonnes in 2010-12.
Acreage for semi-intensive farming is increasing slowly through a cluster approach which allows for better management of disease, traceability, marketing and shortage of capital for small scale farmers. Moreover, Specific Pathogen Free (SPF) shrimp hatcheries and electronic traceability of the shrimp value chain have been established. With regard to food safety compliance, the capacity of the industry in Bangladesh to ensure food safety of its fisheries products has substantially increased, as reflected in EUFVO audit reports and various EU Decisions.